Mental Illness in the Prison System

If perhaps the mentally ill be located in the popular population of a penitentiary?

Chances are you’ve never given much – if any – considered to this question. A weird schizophrenic kills someone because the voices in his head tell him that person is an unfamiliar trying to steal his brain. Is that schizophrenic safe in a penitentiary? Are the other criminals safe with him (or her) there? Social enterprise consultancy

A person suffering with severe zweipolig disorder shoplifts an armload of clothing during an attack of acute fila. He or she is sent to prison, to co-exist with gangbangers, rapists, and murderers. Or, perhaps worse, to are in solo cell with no individuals interaction, for 23 away of 24 hours each day. The acute fila shifts to severe major depression. What are the chances they will survive the prison term? 

According to the U. S. Rights Department’s Bureau of The law Statistics, in 1998 about 300, 000 inmates got some form of mental illness. Ten years later, that number rose to at least one. 25 mil.

The National Alliance for the Mentally Ill (NAMI) states that 16 percent of the prison populace can be classified as severely mentally ill. This kind of means that they fit the psychiatric classification for illnesses such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and major depression. However, the ratio skyrockets to as high as 50 percent when altered to include other mental illnesses, such as anti-social personality disorder, and borderline personality disorder.

Two major causes attribute to the rise of emotionally ill inmates:

“Deinstitutionalization” – the process of concluding down mental hospitals through the nation. This started out in the 1950s but gained strong momentum in the 1980s.
In the 1954s, the U. S. experienced 600, 000 state run hospital beds for those struggling with any form of mental illness. Because of deinstitutionalization and the future cutting of federal and state funding, the Circumstance. S. now has just 40, 000 beds for the mentally ill. The inability to get proper treatment left this part of our population weak and, consequently, many of them now land in prisons.

The second concern is the tougher sentencing laws implemented in the 1980s and 1990s. This can be particularly true with the advent and pursuit of our “War on Drugs”. Individuals with mental illness use and abuse drugs at better pay than the general population. Also, they are more likely to get trapped, arrested, and imprisoned.
Deinstitutionalization hasn’t worked. All this has managed to do is to shift the mentally ill from hostipal wards to prisons – one institution to another. We all have caused it to be a criminal offenses to be mentally unwell.

The major psychiatric center in the U. S i9000. isn’t a hospital; 2 weeks. prison. At any given time, Rikers Isle in New York Metropolis houses nearly 3, 500 mentally ill prisoners. The average inmate population at Rikers Island is 16, 000. One from every 4 to 5 inmates as of this prison suffer from mental illness.

Florida judge Steven Leifman, who bar stools the Mental Health Panel for the Eleventh Procesal Circuit, states that, “The sad irony is we did not deinstitutionalize, we have reinstitutionalized-from horrible express mental hospitals to terrible state jails. We may even provide treatment for the mentally ill in jail. We’re just storage them. “